Vietnam is a Southeast Asian country on the South China Sea known for its beaches, rivers, Buddhist pagodas and bustling cities. Hanoi, the capital, pays homage to the nation’s iconic Communist-era leader, Ho Chi Minh, via a huge marble mausoleum. Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) has French colonial landmarks, plus Vietnamese War history museums and the Củ Chi tunnels, used by Viet Cong soldiers.
|Capital||Hanoi (Ha Noi)|
|Government Type||communist state|
|Total Area||127,880 Square Miles
331,210 Square Kilometers
|Location||Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia|
The country’s name was originally spelled as two words, Viet Nam.
Their culture is a complex adaptation of Chinese, Japanese, French and American colonial influences.
The body of their first president Ho Chi Minh (Uncle Ho) was embalmed, and is on display in a mausoleum.
Their flag consists of a golden star with five points to represent farmers, workers, intellectuals, youth and soldiers. The red background pays tribute to the bloodshed during the wars.